Appendix 6

     

Article contents


Scope 

1. Statistics Collected by the State

1.1         Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

1.2         Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

1.3         Recent Developments

Notes to Section 1

2. Statistics Collected by Faith Communities

2.1         Established Churches: Church of England

2.2         Established Churches: Wales and Scotland

2.3         Free Churches: General

2.4         Free Churches: Methodists

2.5         Free Churches: Baptists, Congregationalists and Quakers

2.6         Free Churches: Other Denominations

2.7         Roman Catholic Church: Before the Second World War

2.8         Roman Catholic Church: After the Second World War

2.9         Ecumenical Initiatives: National

2.10       Ecumenical Initiatives: International

2.11       Non-Christian Faiths: General

2.12       Non-Christian Faiths: Judaism

2.13       Irreligion

Notes to Section 2

3. Statistics Collected by Other Agencies

3.1         Social Investigators

3.2         Opinion Pollsters

3.3         Academic Researchers

3.4         Print and Broadcast Media

Notes to Section 3

4. Future Needs and Prospects for Religious Statistics

Notes to Section 4

Appendix 1

Select Bibliography of the Religious History of Modern Britain

General

Church of England

Free Churches

Roman Catholicism

Sects

Judaism

Islam

New Religious Movements

Irreligion

Wales

Scotland

Appendix 2

Recent Publications on the 1851 Religious Census of England and Wales

General Commentaries

Local Studies

Appendix 3

Contemporary Regional Studies of Religion as Social Capital in England and Wales

Appendix 4

Church of England Clergy Visitation Returns of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Primary Sources: Editions of Returns

Primary Sources: Editions of Specula

Secondary Sources: Visitation Process

Secondary Sources: Use of Returns

Appendix 5

Abraham Hume’s Contribution to Religious Statistics and Sociology

Appendix 6

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1881-82

Appendix 7

Newman Demographic Survey and Pastoral Research Centre

Appendix 8

John Highet’s Contribution to Scottish Religious Statistics 

Appendix 9

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1901-12


 

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1881-82

 

Abstracts and analyses of the results of the local censuses appear in the following sources:

The Nonconformist and Independent, 2 and 23 February and 9 March 1882.

The Newspaper Religious Census and its Lessons: A Summary of the Statistics of Attendance at Public Worship, Published Between October 1881 and April 1882, London: Society for the Liberation of Religion from State Patronage and Control, 1882.

Andrew Mearns, The Statistics of Attendance at Public Worship, as Published in England, Wales and Scotland by the Local Press Between October 1881 and February 1882, London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1882.

Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, pp. 99-108.

David Hugh McLeod, ‘Class, Community and Region: The Religious Geography of Nineteenth-Century England’, A Sociological Yearbook of Religion in Britain, 6, ed. Michael Hill, London: SCM Press, 1973, pp. 29-72.

Additionally, Howie (p. xxi) refers to a contemporary pamphlet by William Bruce on Church Attendance, giving details of the local censuses in Scotland in 1881, but no copy of this publication has yet been located.

A full list of the places surveyed, with details of published sources (if known), is tabulated below. This supersedes the appendix which appears in Religion, Reviews of United Kingdom Statistical Sources, Vol. 20, pp. 492-4.

Place

Date

Conducted by/published source

England    
Accrington Morning only
Barnsley 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 24 November 1881; The Independent’s Religious Census of Sheffield, Rotherham, Chesterfield, Barnsley, Worksop and Retford Taken on Sunday, Nov. 20, 1881, Reprinted, with Corrections and Additions, from the ‘Sheffield and Rotherham Independent’, Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1881, pp. 13-14
Barrow-in-Furness 1881, 13 November Barrow Times, 19 November 1881
Basingstoke Basingstoke Standard
Bath 1881, 6 November Keene’s Bath Journal, 12 November 1881
Bath (villages around) 1881, 20 November Keene’s Bath Journal
Blisworth 1881, 4 December Northamptonshire Guardian, 10 December 1881
Bolton 1881, 4 December Bolton Weekly Journal, 10 December 1881
Bournemouth 1882, January Bournemouth Visitors’ Directory, 4 February 1882
Bradford 1881, 11 and 18 December Bradford Observer, 22 December 1881; Census of Public Worship in Bradford: Being Statistics of the Attendance at Religious Services in the Borough on Dec. 11 and Dec. 18, 1881, with Press and Pulpit Comments, Revised and Reprinted from ‘The Bradford Observer’, Bradford: Bradford Observer, 1882
Bradford-on-Avon 1881, December Keene’s Bath Journal
Bristol 1881, 30 October Western Daily Press, 2 November 1881; James Fawckner Nicholls and John Taylor, Bristol Past and Present, 3 vol., Bristol: J. W. Arrowsmith, 1881-82, Vol. 2, pp. 305-8; Religious Census of Bristol, Reprinted from the Western Daily Press, Bristol: W. and F. Morgan, 1881
Burnley 1881, 18 December Burnley Gazette
Burslem 1881, December Staffordshire Sentinel, 24 December 1881
Charlton Kings 1882, 5 February Cheltenham Examiner
Cheltenham 1882, 29 January and 5 February Cheltenham Examiner
Chesterfield 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 24 November 1881; Derbyshire Courier, 26 November 1881; The Independent’s Religious Census of Sheffield, Rotherham, Chesterfield, Barnsley, Worksop and Retford Taken on Sunday, Nov. 20, 1881, Reprinted, with Corrections and Additions, from the ‘Sheffield and Rotherham Independent’, Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1881, pp. 14-16
Chippenham 1881, December Keene’s Bath Journal
Christchurch 1882 Christchurch Times, 11 February 1882
Colne 1882, June Burnley Gazette, 1 July 1882
Corsham 1881, December Keene’s Bath Journal
Coventry 1881, 4 December Coventry Herald and Free Press, 9 December 1881
Darlington 1881, 18 December Northern Echo, 19 December 1881
Darwen 1882, 19 February (churches) and 26 February (Sunday Schools) Darwen News, 25 February and 4 March 1882
Daventry 1881, 4 December Northamptonshire Guardian, 10 December 1881
Derby 1881, 18 December Derby and Derbyshire Gazette, 23 December 1881
Diss Evening only East Anglian Daily Times
Donington 1881, 4 December Spalding Free Press
Douglas Egremont Whitehaven Free Press
Forest of Dean Dean Forest Mercury
Frome 1881, December Keene’s Bath Journal
Gateshead 1881, 2 October (morning only) Newcastle Daily Chronicle, 5 October 1881
Gloucester 1881, 13 November Gloucester Journal
Gloucester 1881 Gloucester Mercury
Gosport 1881, 18 December Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 24 December 1881; Portsmouth Times, 21 December 1881
Halstead and Haverhill 1882, January East Essex and Halstead Times, 21 January 1882
Hanley 1881, December Staffordshire Sentinel, 24 December 1881
Hastings and St Leonards 1881, 20 November Hastings and St Leonards Times, 26 November 1881
Holbeach 1881, 4 December Spalding Free Press
Hull 1881, 27 November Hull News, 3 and 10 December 1881; Eastern Counties Herald, 8 December 1881
Ilkeston Ilkeston Advertiser
Ipswich 1881, 30 October (evening only) Ipswich Journal, 8 November 1881
Ipswich 1881, 13 November Ipswich Free Press, 19 November 1881
Ipswich 1881, 13 November (morning only ) East Anglian Daily News, 14-15 November 1881; Paul Antony Welsby, ‘Church and People in Victorian Ipswich’, Church Quarterly Review, Vol. 164, pp. 207-17
Kettering 1881, 4 December Northamptonshire Guardian, 10 December 1881
Latchford Mid-Cheshire Examiner
Leckhampton 1882, 5 February Cheltenham Examiner
Leicester 1881, 20 November Leicester Daily Post; Leicester Daily Mercury, 23 November 1881
Liverpool 1881, 16 October (morning) and 6 November (evening) Liverpool Daily Post, 17 October and 15 November 1881
London, City of 1881, 1 May St James’ Gazette, 13 June 1881; ‘Census of Congregations of the City Churches and Chapels’, Journal of the Statistical Society, Vol. 44, 1881, pp. 596-601
Long Buckby 1881, 4 December Northamptonshire Guardian, 10 December 1881
Long Sutton 1881, 4 December Spalding Free Press
Longton 1881, December Staffordshire Sentinel, 24 December 1881
Lymm Mid-Cheshire Examiner
Margate 1882, 5 February Thanet Free Press
Margate 1882, 12 February Keble’s Margate & Ramsgate Gazette, 18 February 1882; Kentish Gazette, 21 February 1882
Melksham 1881, December Keene’s Bath Journal
Mexborough 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent
Midsomer Norton Keene’s Bath Journal
Nantwich
Needham Market 1881 East Anglian Daily Times
Newcastle-under-Lyme 1881, 18 December Staffordshire Sentinel, 24 December 1881; Newcastle Guardian
Newcastle-upon-Tyne 1881, 2 October (morning only) Newcastle Daily Chronicle, 5 October 1881
Newton and Earlestown Mid-Cheshire Examiner
Northampton 1881, 6 November Northamptonshire Guardian, 12 November 1881; Northampton Mercury, 12 November 1881; The 1851 Religious Census of Northamptonshire, ed. Graham S. Ward, Northampton: Northamptonshire Record Society, 2007, pp. 227-37
Nottingham 1881, 4 December Nottingham and Midland Counties Daily Express, 8 December 1881
Nottingham 1881, 4 December Nottingham Journal
Padiham Burnley Gazette
Peterborough 1881, 11 December Peterborough Advertiser
Pinchbeck 1881, 4 December Spalding Free Press
Portsmouth 1881, 18 December Hampshire Telegraph and Sussex Chronicle, 24 December 1881
Portsmouth 1881, 18 December Portsmouth Times, 21 December 1881
Prestbury 1882, 5 February Cheltenham Examiner
Retford 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 24 November 1881; The Independent’s Religious Census of Sheffield, Rotherham, Chesterfield, Barnsley, Worksop and Retford Taken on Sunday, Nov. 20, 1881, Reprinted, with Corrections and Additions, from the ‘Sheffield and Rotherham Independent’, Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1881, pp. 12-13; Retford, Worksop and Gainsburgh News, 26 November 1881
Rotherham 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 24 November 1881; Sheffield Telegraph, 24 November 1881; The Independent’s Religious Census of Sheffield, Rotherham, Chesterfield, Barnsley, Worksop and Retford Taken on Sunday, Nov. 20, 1881, Reprinted, with Corrections and Additions, from the ‘Sheffield and Rotherham Independent’, Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1881,  pp. 9-12
Runcorn Warrington Guardian; Mid-Cheshire Examiner
Scarborough 1881, 4 December Scarborough Mercury
Sheffield 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 19, 24 and 26 November 1881; Sheffield Daily Telegraph, 24 November 1881; The Independent’s Religious Census of Sheffield, Rotherham, Chesterfield, Barnsley, Worksop and Retford Taken on Sunday, Nov. 20, 1881, Reprinted, with Corrections and Additions, from the ‘Sheffield and Rotherham Independent’, Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1881. pp. 3-9; Edward Ralph Wickham, Church and People in an Industrial City, London: Lutterworth Press, 1957, pp. 275-80
Shepton Mallet 1881, December Keene’s Bath Journal
Southampton 1881, 4 December Hampshire Independent, 10 December 1881
Southport and Birkdale 1882, 17 September E. Bland, Annals of Southport and District: A Chronological History of North Meols, A.D. 1086 to 1886, Manchester: A. Heywood, [1888], p. 205
Spalding 1881, 27 November Spalding Free Press
Stockport 1881, November (evening only) Cheshire County News
Stockton-on-Tees 1881, 27 November Stockton Herald
Stoke-on-Trent 181, December Staffordshire Sentinel, 24 December 1881
Surfleet 1881, 4 December Spalding Free Press
Swindon 1882, 5 February Cheltenham Examiner
Towcester 1881, 4 December Northamptonshire Guardian, 10 December 1881
Trowbridge 1881, 13 November Keene’s Bath Journal; Wiltshire Times
Warrington 1881, 6 November Mid-Cheshire Examiner; Warrington Examiner, 12 November 1881
Warrington (villages aroung) 1881 Mid-Cheshire Examiner
Wellingborough 1881, 4 December Northamptonshire Guardian, 10 December 1881
Whitehaven 1881, 4 December Whitehaven Free Press
Widnes Mid-Cheshire Examiner; Warrington Guardian
Wolverhampton 1881, 6 November Wolverhampton Evening Star
Worksop 1881, 20 November Sheffield and Rotherham Independent, 24 November 1881; The Independent’s Religious Census of Sheffield, Rotherham, Chesterfield, Barnsley, Worksop and Retford Taken on Sunday, Nov. 20, 1881, Reprinted, with Corrections and Additions, from the ‘Sheffield and Rotherham Independent’, Sheffield: Leader & Sons, 1881, p. 12; Retford, Worksop and Gainsburgh News, 26 November 1881
     
Wales    
Carnarvon
Conway Evening only
Corwen 1881, November Wrexham Advertiser, 19 November 1881
Llanelli 1881, 20 November (evening only) Llanelly Guardian, 17 November 1881; Western Mail, 25 November 1881
Newtown
Wrexham 1881, 4 December Wrexham Advertiser
     
Scotland    
Abbotshall, Kirkcaldy, Dysart and Kinghorn 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Aberdour 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Arbroath 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Ardrossan and Saltcoats 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 104
Ayr 1881 (morning only) Ayrshire Post; Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 103
Bannockburn 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Berwickshire 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Blairgowrie and Rattray 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Brechin 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Broughty Ferry 1881 (morning only) Dundee Advertiser; Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, pp. 101-2
Burntisland 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Bute 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 106
Carnbee 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Colinton 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Cupar (Angus) 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Cupar (Fife) and Ceres 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Dundee 1881 (morning only) Dundee Advertiser; Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, pp. 101-2
Dundonald, Troon, Dreghorn, Fenwick and Kilbirnie 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 105
Dunse 1881 (morning only)  
Edinburgh 1882, 8 January Edinburgh Daily Review, 24 January 1882; Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Forfar 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Glasgow 1881 Glasgow United Evangelistic Association
Glasgow 1882, 15 January Glasgow Herald, 18 January 1882
Gourock 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 106
Greenock 1881 Greenock Telegraph; Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 99
Hawick and Wilton 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Helensburgh 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Inverness 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Kilmarnock, Riccarton and Kilmaurs 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 103
Kilwinning, Irvine, Stewarton and Dalry 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 104
Kirriemuir 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Largo 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Leith, Newhaven and Granton 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Melrose and Galashiels 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Montrose 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Newport 1881 (morning only) Dundee Advertiser; Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, pp. 101-2
Paisley 1881 (afternoon only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 99
Perth and Kinnoull 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
Row and Rosneath 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 107
St Andrews 1881 (morning only) Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
St Ninians Scoonie 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Selkirk 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Torryburn 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
Wemyss 1881 Robert Howie, The Churches and the Churchless in Scotland: Facts and Figures, Glasgow: David Bryce, 1893, p. 108
 

 

Forward to Appendix 7: Newman Demographic Survey and Pastoral Research Centre