Appendix 3


Article contents


1. Statistics Collected by the State

1.1         Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

1.2         Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

1.3         Recent Developments

Notes to Section 1

2. Statistics Collected by Faith Communities

2.1         Established Churches: Church of England

2.2         Established Churches: Wales and Scotland

2.3         Free Churches: General

2.4         Free Churches: Methodists

2.5         Free Churches: Baptists, Congregationalists and Quakers

2.6         Free Churches: Other Denominations

2.7         Roman Catholic Church: Before the Second World War

2.8         Roman Catholic Church: After the Second World War

2.9         Ecumenical Initiatives: National

2.10       Ecumenical Initiatives: International

2.11       Non-Christian Faiths: General

2.12       Non-Christian Faiths: Judaism

2.13       Irreligion

Notes to Section 2

3. Statistics Collected by Other Agencies

3.1         Social Investigators

3.2         Opinion Pollsters

3.3         Academic Researchers

3.4         Print and Broadcast Media

Notes to Section 3

4. Future Needs and Prospects for Religious Statistics

Notes to Section 4

Appendix 1

Select Bibliography of the Religious History of Modern Britain


Church of England

Free Churches

Roman Catholicism




New Religious Movements




Appendix 2

Recent Publications on the 1851 Religious Census of England and Wales

General Commentaries

Local Studies

Appendix 3

Contemporary Regional Studies of Religion as Social Capital in England and Wales

Appendix 4

Church of England Clergy Visitation Returns of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Primary Sources: Editions of Returns

Primary Sources: Editions of Specula

Secondary Sources: Visitation Process

Secondary Sources: Use of Returns

Appendix 5

Abraham Hume’s Contribution to Religious Statistics and Sociology

Appendix 6

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1881-82

Appendix 7

Newman Demographic Survey and Pastoral Research Centre

Appendix 8

John Highet’s Contribution to Scottish Religious Statistics 

Appendix 9

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1901-12


Contemporary Regional Studies

of Religion as Social Capital

in England and Wales


Interest in religion as social capital has developed strongly in Great Britain since the early 1990s, within faith, governmental and academic communities alike. A significant number of surveys have now been completed, usually under the auspices of local consortia of faith organizations but with the active involvement (and often the financial sponsorship) of regional development agencies and/or central and regional government.


These surveys have provided some basic quantitative data about the presence and social and community action of the various faiths within the survey area, especially as regards the number of places of worship, salaried and voluntary staff, the delivery and take-up of activities arranged for the benefit of citizens, funding and partnership working. A few have also attempted an economic impact assessment. Response rates have been very variable, and this has inevitably affected the robustness of some of the statistics.


The listing below records reports at the regional level which have appeared during the 2000s and which are, accordingly, reasonably current. Copies are usually also available on the relevant internet site, together with some ancillary material in a handful of cases (for example, 22 local authority audit reports for the Gweini investigation). Surveys relating to individual towns or sub-regional (such as county) units, or which pre-date 2000 have not been noted. A number of these may be traced from the listing available via this link.


Greater London

London Churches Group for Social Action and Greater London Enterprise, Neighbourhood Renewal in London: The Role of Faith Communities, London: Greater London Enterprise, 2002.

London Churches Group for Social Action and Greater London Enterprise, Regenerating London: Faith Communities and Social Action, London: Greater London Enterprise, 2002.


South East

Sarah Lewis, Beyond Belief? Faith at Work in the Community: A Report by South East of England Faith Forum about Faith Based Regeneration Activities, [Guildford]: South East England Faith Forum, 2004.


South West

Marion Jackson and Richard Kimberlee, Daily Service: How Faith Communities Contribute to Neighbourhood Renewal and Regeneration in the South West of England, Bristol: University of the West of England, 2004.

Alistair Beattie, Clare Mortimore and Heather Pencavel, Faith in Action in the South West: A Survey of Social and Community Action by Faith Groups in the South West of England, Bristol: faithnetsouthwest, 2006.



Zoe Morris, Kath Maguire and Jenny Kartupelis, Faith in Action: A Report on Faith Communities and Social Capital in the East of England, Cambridge: East of England Faiths Leadership Conference, 2003.

East of England Faiths Council and Cambridge Housing and Planning Research, Faith in the East of England: The Roles of Faith Communities in the Region, Cambridge: East of England Faiths Council, 2005.


West Midlands

Believing in the Region: A Baseline Study of Faith Bodies across the West Midlands, Birmingham: Regional Action West Midlands, 2006.


Yorkshire and Humberside

Angels and Advocates: Church Social Action in Yorkshire and the Humber, Leeds: Churches Regional Commission for Yorkshire and the Humber, [2002].

HE Research, Economic Impact Assessment of Faith Communities in Yorkshire and the Humber, Ripon: Plug and Tap for Yorkshire and Humber Faiths Forum, 2009.


North West

Faith in England’s Northwest: The Contribution Made by Faith Communities to Civil Society in the Region, Warrington: Northwest Development Agency, 2003.

DTZ Pieda Consulting, Faith in England’s Northwest: Economic Impact Assessment, Warrington: Northwest Regional Development Agency, 2005.


North East

Kath Smith, Faith in the North East: Social Action by Faith Communities in the Region, Durham: Churches’ Regional Commission North East, 2004.



John M. Evans, Faith in Wales: Counting for Communities, [Cardiff]: Gweini, 2008.


Forward to Appendix 4: Church of England Clergy Visitation Returns

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