Appendix 4


Article contents


1. Statistics Collected by the State

1.1         Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

1.2         Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

1.3         Recent Developments

Notes to Section 1

2. Statistics Collected by Faith Communities

2.1         Established Churches: Church of England

2.2         Established Churches: Wales and Scotland

2.3         Free Churches: General

2.4         Free Churches: Methodists

2.5         Free Churches: Baptists, Congregationalists and Quakers

2.6         Free Churches: Other Denominations

2.7         Roman Catholic Church: Before the Second World War

2.8         Roman Catholic Church: After the Second World War

2.9         Ecumenical Initiatives: National

2.10       Ecumenical Initiatives: International

2.11       Non-Christian Faiths: General

2.12       Non-Christian Faiths: Judaism

2.13       Irreligion

Notes to Section 2

3. Statistics Collected by Other Agencies

3.1         Social Investigators

3.2         Opinion Pollsters

3.3         Academic Researchers

3.4         Print and Broadcast Media

Notes to Section 3

4. Future Needs and Prospects for Religious Statistics

Notes to Section 4

Appendix 1

Select Bibliography of the Religious History of Modern Britain


Church of England

Free Churches

Roman Catholicism




New Religious Movements




Appendix 2

Recent Publications on the 1851 Religious Census of England and Wales

General Commentaries

Local Studies

Appendix 3

Contemporary Regional Studies of Religion as Social Capital in England and Wales

Appendix 4

Church of England Clergy Visitation Returns of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Primary Sources: Editions of Returns

Primary Sources: Editions of Specula

Secondary Sources: Visitation Process

Secondary Sources: Use of Returns

Appendix 5

Abraham Hume’s Contribution to Religious Statistics and Sociology

Appendix 6

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1881-82

Appendix 7

Newman Demographic Survey and Pastoral Research Centre

Appendix 8

John Highet’s Contribution to Scottish Religious Statistics 

Appendix 9

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1901-12


Church of England Clergy Visitation Returns of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Primary Sources: Editions of Returns


Diocese of Chichester

Chichester Diocesan Surveys, 1686 and 1724, ed. Wyn Kelson Ford, Sussex Record Society, Vol. 78, Lewes: the Society, 1994.

Diocese of Exeter

The Diocese of Exeter in 1821: Bishop Carey’s Replies to Queries before Visitation, ed. Michael Cook, Devon and Cornwall Record Society, New Series, Vol. 3-4, Torquay: printed for the Society, 1958-60.

Diocese of Lichfield and Coventry

Visitation Returns from the Archdeaconry of Derby, 1718-1824, ed. John Beckett, Margery Tranter and Wendy Bateman, Derbyshire Record Society, Vol. 29, Chesterfield: the Society, 2003.

The Church in Derbyshire in 1823-4: The Parochial Visitation of the Rev. Samuel Butler, Archdeacon of Derby in the Diocese of Lichfield and Coventry, ed. Michael Ridgwell Austin, Derbyshire Archaeological Society Record Series, Vol. 5, Derby: the Society, 1972.

Visitations of the Archdeaconry of Stafford, 1829-1841, ed. David Robinson, Collections for a History of Staffordshire, Fourth Series, Vol. 10 and Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts Joint Publications Series, Vol. 25, London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1980.

Diocese of Lincoln

Episcopal Visitations in Bedfordshire, 1706-1720, ed. Patricia Bell, Publications of the Bedfordshire Historical Record Society, Vol. 81, Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 2002.

Diocese of Llandaff

The Diocese of Llandaff in 1763: The Primary Visitation of Bishop Ewer, ed. John Richard Guy, Publications of the South Wales Record Society, Vol. 7, Cardiff: the Society, 1991.

Diocese of Oxford

Articles of Enquiry Addressed to the Clergy of the Diocese of Oxford at the Primary Visitation of Dr. Thomas Secker, 1738, ed. Henry Augustus Lloyd Jukes, Oxfordshire Record Society, Vol. 38, Banbury: printed for the Society, 1957.

Bishop Wilberforce’s Visitation Returns for the Archdeaconry of Oxford in the Year 1854, ed. Eric Paul Baker, Oxfordshire Record Society, Vol. 35, Banbury: printed for the Society, 1954.

Diocese of Peterborough

The Church in Victorian Northampton: Visitation Records of Bishop Magee, 1872-1886, ed. Victor Arthur Hatley, Publications of the Northamptonshire Record Society, Vol. 37, Northampton: the Society, 1992.

Diocese of Ripon

Bishop Bickersteth’s Visitation Returns for the Archdeaconry of Craven, Diocese of Ripon, 1858, [ed.] Edward Royle, Borthwick Texts and Studies, Vol. 37, York: Borthwick Institute for Archives, University of York, 2009.

Diocese of Salisbury

Wiltshire Returns to the Bishop’s Visitation Queries, 1783, ed. Mary Ransome, Wiltshire Record Society, Vol. 27, Devizes: the Society, 1972.

Diocese of Winchester

Parson and Parish in Eighteenth-Century Surrey: Replies to Bishops’ Visitations [1725, 1764, 1788], ed. William Reginald Ward, Surrey Record Society, Vol. 34, Guildford: the Society, 1994.

Parson and Parish in Eighteenth-Century Hampshire: Replies to Bishops’ Visitations [1725, 1765, 1788], ed. William Reginald Ward, Hampshire Record Series, Vol. 13, Winchester: Hampshire County Council, 1995.

Doing the Duty of the Parish: Surveys of the Church in Hampshire, 1810, ed. Mark Anderton Smith, Hampshire Record Series, Vol. 17, Winchester: Hampshire County Council, 2004.

Diocese of York

Archbishop Herring’s Visitation Returns, 1743, ed. Sidney Leslie Ollard and Philip Charles Walker, Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series, Vol. 71, 72, 75, 77, 79, Wakefield: printed for the Society, 1928-31.

Archbishop Drummond’s Visitation Returns, 1764, [eds] Cressida Annesley and Philippa Hoskin, Borthwick Texts and Calendars, Vol. 21, 23, 26, York: Borthwick Institute of Historical Research, University of York, 1997-2001.

Archbishop Thomson’s Visitation Returns for the Diocese of York, 1865, [eds] Edward Royle and Ruth M. Larsen, Borthwick Texts and Studies, Vol. 34, York: Borthwick Institute for Archives, University of York, 2006.

Primary Sources: Editions of Specula


Diocese of Bristol

‘Bishop Secker’s Diocese Book’ [1735-37, Bristol city and deanery], ed. Elizabeth Ralph, A Bristol Miscellany, ed. Patrick McGrath, Bristol Record Society’s Publications, Vol. 37, Gloucester: printed for the Society, 1985, pp. 21-70.

Diocese of Canterbury

The Speculum of Archbishop Thomas Secker [1758-61], ed. Jeremy Gregory, Church of England Record Society, Vol. 2, Woodbridge: Boydell Press, 1995.

Diocese of Chester

Notitia Cestriensis; or, Historic Notices of the Diocese of Chester by Francis Gastrell, [ed.] Francis Robert Raines, Chetham Society Remains, [First Series], Vol. 8, 19, 21, 22, Manchester: the Society, 1845-50.

The Archdeaconry of Richmond in the Eighteenth Century – Bishop Gastrell’s Notitia: The Yorkshire Parishes, 1714-1725, ed. Lawrence A. S. Butler, Yorkshire Archaeological Society Record Series, Vol. 146, Leeds: printed for the Society, 1990.

The Cumbria Parishes, 1714-1725, from Bishop Gastrell’s Notitia, with Additions by Bishop Porteus, 1778-1779, ed. Lawrence A. S. Butler, Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society Record Series, Vol. 12, Kendal: printed by Titus Wilson, 1998.

Diocese of Gloucester

Bishop Benson’s Survey of the Diocese of Gloucester, 1735-1750, ed. John Fendley, Gloucestershire Record Series, Vol. 13, Gloucester: Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society, 2000.

Diocese of Lincoln

‘Documents Relating to Leicestershire and Preserved in the Episcopal Registry at Lincoln’ [Archdeaconry of Leicester, 1705-23], ed. William George Dimock Fletcher, Associated Architectural and Archaeological Societies Reports and Papers, Vol. 22, 1893-94, pp. 227-365.

Speculum Dioeceseos Lincolniensis sub episcopis Gul. Wake et Edm. Gibson, A.D. 1705-1723 [Archdeaconries of Lincoln and Stow], ed. Robert Eden George Cole, Publications of the Lincoln Record Society, Vol. 4, Lincoln: W. K. Morton, 1913.

Buckinghamshire Dissent and Parish Life, 1669-1712, ed. John Broad, Buckinghamshire Record Society, Vol. 28, Buckingham: the Society, 1993.

Diocese of Southwell

‘Under the Heavy Clouds’: The Church of England in Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, 1911-1915 – The Parochial Visitation of Edwyn Hoskyns, Bishop of Southwell, ed. Michael Ridgwell Austin, Cardiff: Merton Priory Press, 2004.

Diocese of Worcester

The State of the Bishopric of Worcester, 1782-1808, ed. Mary Ransome, Worcestershire Historical Society, New Series, Vol. 6, Leeds: printed for the Society, 1968.


Secondary Sources: Visitation Process


Arthur Burns, The Diocesan Revival in the Church of England, c. 1800-1870, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999, pp. 23-40, 46-54.

William Gibson, The Achievement of the Anglican Church, 1689-1800: The Confessional State in Eighteenth Century England, Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press, 1995, pp. 127-51.

William Mungo Jacob, The Clerical Profession in the Long Eighteenth Century, 1680-1840, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, pp. 273-7.

Rosemary O’Day, ‘Geschichte der bischöflichen Kirchenvisitation in England, 1500-1689’, Kirche und Visitation: Beiträge zur Erforschung des frühneuzeitlichen Visitationswesens in Europa, eds Ernst Walter Zeeden and Peter Thaddäus Lang, Stuttgart: Klett-Cotta, 1984, pp. 191-215.

Dorothy Mary Owen, The Records of the Established Church in England, Excluding Parochial Records, London: British Records Association, 1970, pp. 30-5.

William J. Sheils, ‘The Bishops and their Dioceses: Reform of Visitation in the Anglican Church, 1680-1760’, unpublished paper, originally presented at the Colloque de la Commission Internationale d’Histoire Ecclésiastique Comparée, Strasbourg, 1983.

William J. Sheils, ‘Church Court and Visitation Records and the Local History of Religion in the North, 1550-1780’, Regional Studies in the History of Religion in Britain since the Later Middle Ages, ed. Edward Royle, [Hull]: Humberside College of Higher Education, [1986], pp. 201-14.

Stephen J. C. Taylor, ‘Church and State in England in the Mid-Eighteenth Century: The Newcastle Years, 1742-1762’, University of Cambridge Ph.D. thesis, 1987, pp. 124-31.


Secondary Sources: Use of Returns


John Addy, ‘Bishop Porteus’ Visitation of the Diocese of Chester, 1778’, Northern History, Vol. 13, 1977, pp. 175-98.

Viviane Barrie-Curien, Clergé et pastorale en Angleterre au XVIIIe siècle: Le diocese de Londres, Paris: Éditions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, 1992.

Françoise Deconinck-Brossard, ‘Historical Research and Relational Databases: A Case Study of the Durham 1774 Visitation Returns’, History and Computing, Vol. 12, 2000, pp. 215-26. 

Clive Douglas Field, ‘Counting the Flock: A Note on Religious Practice in the Late Eighteenth-Century Diocese of Norwich’, Norfolk Archaeology, Vol. 43, 1998-2001, pp. 317-26.

Clive Douglas Field, ‘A Godly People? Aspects of Religious Practice in the Diocese of Oxford, 1738-1936’, Southern History, Vol. 14, 1992, pp. 46-73.

Judith Jago, Aspects of the Georgian Church: Visitation Studies of the Diocese of York, 1761-1776, Madison, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1997.

Judith Jago and Edward Royle, The Eighteenth-Century Church in Yorkshire: Archbishop Drummond’s Primary Visitation of 1764, Borthwick Paper, No. 95, York: Borthwick Institute of Historical Research, University of York, 1999.

Frederick Clare Mather, ‘Georgian Churchmanship Reconsidered: Some Variations in Anglican Public Worship, 1714-1830’, Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 36, 1985, pp. 255-83.

Edward Royle, ‘The Parish Community through the Vicarage Window: Nineteenth-Century Clergy Visitation Returns’, Family & Community History, Vol. 12, 2009, pp. 6-21.


Forward to Appendix 5: Abraham Hume’s Contribution to Religious Statistics

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