Appendix 1

Appendix 1


Article contents


1. Statistics Collected by the State

1.1         Seventeenth and Eighteenth Centuries

1.2         Nineteenth and Early Twentieth Centuries

1.3         Recent Developments

Notes to Section 1

2. Statistics Collected by Faith Communities

2.1         Established Churches: Church of England

2.2         Established Churches: Wales and Scotland

2.3         Free Churches: General

2.4         Free Churches: Methodists

2.5         Free Churches: Baptists, Congregationalists and Quakers

2.6         Free Churches: Other Denominations

2.7         Roman Catholic Church: Before the Second World War

2.8         Roman Catholic Church: After the Second World War

2.9         Ecumenical Initiatives: National

2.10       Ecumenical Initiatives: International

2.11       Non-Christian Faiths: General

2.12       Non-Christian Faiths: Judaism

2.13       Irreligion

Notes to Section 2

3. Statistics Collected by Other Agencies

3.1         Social Investigators

3.2         Opinion Pollsters

3.3         Academic Researchers

3.4         Print and Broadcast Media

Notes to Section 3

4. Future Needs and Prospects for Religious Statistics

Notes to Section 4

Appendix 1

Select Bibliography of the Religious History of Modern Britain


Church of England

Free Churches

Roman Catholicism




New Religious Movements




Appendix 2

Recent Publications on the 1851 Religious Census of England and Wales

General Commentaries

Local Studies

Appendix 3

Contemporary Regional Studies of Religion as Social Capital in England and Wales

Appendix 4

Church of England Clergy Visitation Returns of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries

Primary Sources: Editions of Returns

Primary Sources: Editions of Specula

Secondary Sources: Visitation Process

Secondary Sources: Use of Returns

Appendix 5

Abraham Hume’s Contribution to Religious Statistics and Sociology

Appendix 6

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1881-82

Appendix 7

Newman Demographic Survey and Pastoral Research Centre

Appendix 8

John Highet’s Contribution to Scottish Religious Statistics 

Appendix 9

Local Censuses of Church Attendance in Great Britain, 1901-12


Select Bibliography of the Religious History of Modern Britain


David William Bebbington, Evangelicalism in Modern Britain: A History from the 1730s to the 1980s, London: Unwin Hyman, 1989.

Callum Brown, The Death of Christian Britain: Understanding Secularisation, second edition, London: Routledge, 2009.

Callum Brown, Religion and Society in Twentieth-Century Britain, Harlow: Pearson, 2006.

Stewart Jay Brown, Providence and Empire: Religion, Politics and Society in the United Kingdom, 1815-1914, Harlow: Pearson, 2008.

Owen Chadwick, The Victorian Church, 2 vol., London: Adam & Charles Black, 1966-70.

Grace Davie, Religion in Britain since 1945: Believing without Belonging, Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.

David Edwards, Christian England (Volume Three): From the Eighteenth Century to the First World War, London: Collins, 1984.

William Gibson, Church, State and Society, 1760-1850, Houndmills: Macmillan, 1994.

Alan David Gilbert, Religion and Society in Industrial England: Church, Chapel and Social Change, 1740-1914, London: Longman, 1976.

Sheridan Gilley and William Sheils (eds), A History of Religion in Britain: Practice and Belief from Pre-Roman Times to the Present, Oxford: Blackwell, 1994.

Adrian Hastings, A History of English Christianity, 1920-2000, fourth edition, London: SCM Press, 2001.

Kenneth Hylson-Smith, The Churches in England from Elizabeth I to Elizabeth II: Volume III, 1833-1998, London: SCM Press, 1998.

David Hugh McLeod, Religion and Society in England, 1850-1914, Houndmills: Macmillan, 1996.

David Hugh McLeod, Stuart Mews and Christiane d’Haussy (eds), Histoire religieuse de la Grande-Bretagne, XIXe-XXe siècle, Paris: Éditions du Cerf, 1997.

Gerald Parsons (ed), The Growth of Religious Diversity: Britain from 1945, 2 vol., London: Routledge, 1993-94.

Gerald Parsons (ed.), Religion in Victorian Britain, Volume I: Traditions, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988.

Gerald Parsons (ed.), Religion in Victorian Britain, Volume II: Controversies, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1988.

Denis George Paz (ed.), Nineteenth-Century English Religious Traditions: Retrospect and Prospect, Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1995.

Keith Robbins, England, Ireland, Scotland, Wales: The Christian Church, 1900-2000, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.

Doreen Rosman, The Evolution of the English Churches, 1500-2000, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Ernest Gordon Rupp, Religion in England, 1688-1791, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1986.

Terence Thomas (ed.), The British: Their Religious Beliefs and Practices, 1800-1986, London: Routledge, 1988.

Paul Weller (ed.), Religions in the UK, 2007-2010, Derby: Multi-Faith Centre, University of Derby, 2007.

B. G. Worrall, The Making of the Modern Church: Christianity in England since 1800, third edition, London: SPCK, 2004.

Nigel Yates, Eighteenth-Century Britain: Religion and Politics, 1714-1815, Harlow: Pearson, 2008.

Church of England

Frances Knight, The Nineteenth-Century Church and English Society, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.

Edward Robert Norman, Church and Society in England, 1770-1970: A Historical Study, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1976.

John Dixon Walsh, Colin Haydon and Stephen Taylor (eds), The Church of England, c. 1689-c. 1833: From Toleration to Tractarianism,

Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.

Paul Antony Welsby, A History of the Church of England, 1945-1980, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1984.

Free Churches

Dale Arthur Johnson, The Changing Shape of English Nonconformity, 1825-1925, New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.

James Munson, The Nonconformists: In Search of a Lost Culture, London: SPCK, 1991.

Paul Sangster, A History of the Free Churches, London: Heinemann, 1983.

Alan Philip Frederick Sell and Anthony Cross (eds), Protestant Nonconformity in the Twentieth Century, Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 2003.

Ian Sellers, Nineteenth-Century Nonconformity, London: Edward Arnold, 1977.

Michael Robert Watts, The Dissenters, Volume I: From the Reformation to the French Revolution, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1978.

Michael Robert Watts, The Dissenters, Volume II: The Expansion of Evangelical Nonconformity, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995.

Roman Catholicism

John Bossy, The English Catholic Community, 1570-1850, London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1975.

Michael Hornsby-Smith (ed.), Catholics in England, 1950-2000: Historical and Sociological Perspectives, London: Cassell, 1999.

Alan McClelland and Michael Hodgetts (eds), From without the Flaminian Gate: 150 Years of Roman Catholicism in England and Wales, 1850-2000, London: Darton, Longman and Todd, 1999.

Michael Mullett, Catholics in Britain and Ireland, 1558-1829, Houndmills: Macmillan, 1998.

Edward Robert Norman, The English Catholic Church in the Nineteenth Century, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1984.

Edward Robert Norman, Roman Catholicism in England from the Elizabethan Settlement to the Second Vatican Council, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986.


Nigel Scotland, Sectarian Religion in Contemporary Britain, Carlisle: Paternoster Press, 2000.


William D. Rubinstein, A History of the Jews in the English-Speaking World: Great Britain, Basingstoke: Macmillan, 1996.


Humayun Ansari, The Infidel within: Muslims in Britain since 1800, London: C. Hurst & Co., 2004.

New Religious Movements

Eileen Barker, New Religious Movements: A Practical Introduction, [new edition], London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office, 1995.


Susan Budd, Varieties of Unbelief: Atheists and Agnostics in English Society, 1850-1960, London: Heinemann, 1977.

Edward Royle, Radicals, Secularists and Republicans: Popular Freethought in Britain, 1866-1915, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1980.

Edward Royle, Victorian Infidels: The Origins of the British Secularist Movement, 1791-1866, Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1974.


Ebenezer Thomas Davies, Religion and Society in the Nineteenth Century, Llandybie: Christopher Davies, 1981.

Robert Tudur Jones, Faith and the Crisis of a Nation: Wales, 1890-1914, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 2004.

Densil Morgan, The Span of the Cross: Christian Religion and Society in Wales, 1914-2000, Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1999.


Callum Brown, Religion and Society in Scotland since 1707, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1997.

Nigel Malcolm de Segur Cameron (ed.), Dictionary of Scottish Church History and Theology, Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1993.



Forward to Appendix 2: Publications on the 1851 Religious Census of England and Wales

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.