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Census of known Roman Catholics (2535)

Type of Data: Census of known Roman Catholics (2535)

Faith Community: Christianity (Roman Catholic Church)

Date: 1780

Geography: England and Wales

Sample Size: 69786

Population: Known Roman Catholics

Keywords: Papists, Roman Catholics

Collection Method: Returns by Anglican incumbents

Collection Agency: Bishops of the Church of England and their clergy

Sponsor: House of Lords

Published Source:

  • House of Lords Record Office, Main Papers, 5 March 1781 (Papist Returns, 1780)
  • Edward Stanislaus Worrall, 'The Number of Essex Papists in 1780', Essex Recusant, Vol. 3, 1961, pp. 46-50
  • Norman Mutton, 'Shropshire Recusants in 1706, 1767 and 1780', Worcestershire Recusant, No. 24, December 1974, pp. 18-31, No. 25, June 1975, pp. 28-42, No. 26, December 1975, pp. 21-5
  • John Fendley, 'Counting Gloucestershire Catholics', Journal of the Gloucestershire and North Avon Catholic History Society, No. 26, 1995, pp. 18-27
  • John Clarke, 'Diocese of Lichfield, Returns of Papists, 1780', Midland Catholic History, No. 17, 2010, pp. 16-22

    BRIN ID: 2535


    In addition to the main manuscript source at the House of Lords Record Office, parochial returns survive for some dioceses in county and diocesan record offices. For a comment on under-enumeration in the source, see Clive Douglas Field, ‘Non-Recurrent Christian Data’, Religion, Reviews of United Kingdom Statistical Sources, Vol. 20, ed. Wynne Frederick Maunder, Oxford: Pergamon Press, 1987, p. 255

    Posted by: Clive D. Field

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