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Census of the numbers and (often) the names and occupations of Roman Catholics (2531)

Type of Data: Census of the numbers and (often) the names and occupations of Roman Catholics (2531)

Faith Community: Christianity (Roman Catholic Church)

Date: 1705-1706 (two separate surveys)

Geography: England and Wales

Population: Known Roman Catholics

Keywords: Papists, recusants, Roman Catholics

Collection Method: Returns by Anglican incumbents and their churchwardens

Collection Agency: Bishops of the Church of England and their clergy

Sponsor: House of Lords and Privy Council

Published Source:

  • House of Lords Record Office, Main Papers, 1 March 1706 (Papist Returns, 1705-06)
  • William Owen Hassall, 'Papists in Early Eighteenth-Century Oxfordshire', Oxoniensia, Vol. 13, 1948, pp. 76-82
  • Gordon Huelin, 'Some Early Eighteenth Century Roman Catholic Recusants', Journal of Ecclesiastical History, Vol. 7, 1956, pp. 61-8
  • Philip F. Coverdale, 'The Number of Essex Papists in 1706', Essex Recusant, Vol. 2, 1960, pp. 16-29
  • Edward Stanislaus Worrall, 'The Catholic Recusant Minority in Middlesex in 1706', Middlesex Local History Council Bulletin, No. 10, 1961, pp. 2-8 and London Recusant, Vol. 3, 1973, pp. 47-53
  • Kevin M. MacGrath, 'Devon and Cornwall Catholics in 1705', Buckfast Chronicle, Vol. 32, 1962, pp. 1-36
  • John Anthony Williams, 'Wiltshire Catholicism in the Early Eighteenth Century: The Diocesan Returns of 1706', Recusant History, Vol. 7, 1963-64, pp. 11-22
  • Edward Stanislaus Worrall, 'The Recusant Minority in Hertfordshire, 1705-1706', Essex Recusant, Vol. 11, 1969, pp. 32-8
  • Michael Washington Greenslade, 'Staffordshire Papists in 1705 and 1706', Staffordshire Catholic History, No. 13, 1973, pp. 1-55
  • Norman Mutton, 'Shropshire Recusants in 1706, 1767 and 1780', Worcestershire Recusant, No. 24, December 1974, pp. 18-31, No. 25, June 1975, pp. 28-42, No. 26, December 1975, pp. 21-5
  • Margaret Clare Hine, '1706 Recusant Returns for the City of London', London Recusant, Vol. 5, 1975, pp. 88-90
  • The Derbyshire Papist Returns of 1705-6, ed. Richard Clark, Derbyshire Record Society Occasional Paper No. 5, Chesterfield: the Society, 1983
  • The Return of the Papists for the Diocese of Chester, 1705, ed. Allan Joseph Mitchinson, Wigan: North West Catholic History Society, 1986
  • Robert Paul Matthews, 'The Monmouthshire Papist Returns of 1706', University College, Cardiff M.A. thesis, 1987
  • J. A. Lancaster, 'Returns of Papists for the Parishes of Bolton and Deane in the Diocese of Chester, Oct. 1706', North West Catholic History, Vol. 18, 1991, pp. 1-6
  • John Fendley, 'Counting Gloucestershire Catholics', Journal of the Gloucestershire and North Avon Catholic History Society, No. 26, 1995, pp. 18-27
  • 'Oxfordshire Returns of Papists, 1705/6', Catholic Ancestor, Vol. 8, 2000-01, pp. 138-43

    BRIN ID: 2531


    In addition to the main manuscript source at the House of Lords Record Office, parochial returns survive for some dioceses in county and diocesan record offices

    Posted by: Clive D. Field

    British Religion in Numbers: All the material published on this website is subject to copyright. We explain further here.

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