Figures

Charts, maps and data tables

1.
Interactive map
2.
2001 Census Maps and Tables
3.
Affiliation and Attendance
4.
Number of Mosques
5.

Hindu, Muslim and Sikh populations

6.
Churches and Churchgoers
7.
Changing Belief in Britain
8.
Findings from the 2008 British Social Attitudes Survey
9.
Trust in Clergy and Other Professions
10.
Religious Studies Public Examinations
11.
Religious Affiliation of Prisoners in England and Wales
12.
Religious Character of Schools, 2009
13.
Religious Affiliation and Political Attitudes: Findings from the British Election Study 2009/10
14.
Findings from the 2005 English Church Census
15.
The Roman Catholic Community in England and Wales
16.
Muslim Opinions and Opinions of Muslims
17.
Registered Places of Worship, England and Wales
18.
Brierley’s Estimates of Denominational Strength for Religious Trends

 

1. Interactive map of religious affiliation in England and Wales, 2001

This tool was created using Ordnance Survey’s

OS OpenSpace API. Type in your postcode to find the religious mix of your local authority, or scroll into areas of interest.

 
 

2. 2001 Census Religious Data

The 2001 Census collected data on current religion for people usually resident in England and Wales at the time of the Census. More information on the religion question is available from the ONS here.

Seven religious categories were available: Buddhist, Christian, Hindu, Jewish, Muslim, Sikh, and None. The question was voluntary and those who chose not to respond are listed as ‘Religion Not Stated’. There was also a ‘write in’ option for those who fell into a different religious category, who were in general grouped together as ‘Other’.

2.1 Religion in England, 2001: maps.

Click on the link above for a selection of maps. You can click on each map to enlarge. For further information from the Office of National Statistics on data sources and definitions used for the maps, click here.

2.2 Religion in Britain, 2001: tables.

Click on the link above for spreadsheet data giving the percentages falling in each religious group (or none) in Britain, and then separately for England and Wales, and for Scotland. The Scottish data breaks down the Christian category into Church of Scotland, Roman Catholic and Other Christian. The Scottish Census also asked people their religion of upbringing as well as their current religion. In the final worksheet, the numbers who used the ‘write in’ provision to give the name of a specific religious group are given, broken down by Government Office Region, for England and Wales.

2.3 Religion in England and Wales, 2001, by district authority: worksheet.

Click on the link above for spreadsheet data giving the percentages falling into each religious group by local authority (district and unitary) in England and Wales.

Census data are reproduced here under the terms of a PSI Licence.

   
 

3. Religious affiliation and church attendance in Britain, 1983-2008

Charts and tables presenting religious affiliation and church attendance data from the British Social Attitudes surveys, 1983-2008. The data presented cover the white population only (non-whites were not sampled effectively until 1993).

 

  The data are shown by birth cohort because the key trend is that the general level of affiliation and attendance falls for each successive generation. For more discussion on these trends, see D. Voas and A. Crockett, ‘Religion in Britain: Neither Believing nor Belonging’, Sociology (2005), vol. 39, pp. 11-27.
     
 

3.1 Religious affiliation and monthly church attendance (all ages), 1983-2008

3.2 Religious affiliation by birth cohort, 1983-2008

3.3 Church attendance by birth cohort, 1983-2008

   
 

4. Officially-registered mosques (masajid) in England and Wales, 1915-1998

The cumulative number of officially-registered mosques in England and Wales is available here, collected from manuscripts held at the General Register Office.

Note that not all mosques are officially-registered. These figures are not given in proportion to either the total population or the Muslim population.

   
 

5. Estimates of the Hindu, Muslim and Sikh populations of England and Wales, 1961-2001

Click on the spreadsheet image for more information on how the estimates were calculated.

   
    6. Churches and Churchgoers: Patterns of Church Growth, 1700-1970
 

 

A landmark text written and compiled by Robert Currie, Alan Gilbert and Lee Horsley (originally published by the Clarendon Press in 1977). Data tables reproduced here with kind permission of the authors. The thumbnails on the left give a selection of graphs from the tables – data, sources and notes are available in the worksheets themselves.

6.1 Annual Church Membership in Britain, 1900-1970.

6.2 Church of England: Numbers of clergy, 1807-1971.

     
 

6.3 Anglican Communion Membership and Communicants, England, Wales and Scotland, 1877-1970.

6.4 Presbyterian Communicants, Scotland, England and Ireland, 1840-1970.

6.5 Methodist Membership, England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, 1767-1970.

6.6 Other Nonconformist members, England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland, 1772-1970.

     
 

6.7 Estimated Catholic Population of England and Wales, and Scotland, 1887-1970.

6.8 Membership of the Churches of Christ, Latter Day Saints, Church of the Nazarene, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Moravian Church, New Church, Religious Society of Friends, and Seventh Day Adventists in Britain, 1821-1970.

6.9 Great Britain Totals: Baptists, Catholics, Congregationalists, Methodists, Wesleyan Methodist Church, 1767-1970.

6.10 Church of England Baptisms, Sunday School Scholars and Confirmations, 1872-1970.

     
 

6.11 Church of Scotland Baptisms, Sunday School Scholars, Admissions and Removals, 1876-1970 (Scotland only).

6.12 Baptisms and Sunday School data for the Free Church of Scotland, United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, United Free Church of Scotland and Presbyterian Church in Ireland, 1851-1970.

6.13 Presbyterian Church of England, 1876-1970: Baptisms, Sunday School Scholars, Gains and Losses.

     
 

6.14 Presbyterian Church of Wales, 1895-1970: Children, Probationers, Sunday School Scholars, Congregation, Gains and Losses.

6.15 United Methodist Free Churches, 1857-1907: Sunday School Scholars, Junior Members, Members on Trial, Removals, Withdrawals, Deaths.

6.16 United Methodist Church, 1907-1932: Sunday School Scholars, Junior Members, Members on Trial, Members Removed from Circuit, Other Exits, Deaths.

     
 

6.17 Wesleyan Methodist Church, Great Britain, 1855-1932: Sunday School Scholars, Junior Members, Members on Trial, Gains and Losses.

6.18 Methodist Church, Great Britain, 1932-1970: Sunday School Scholars, Junior Members, Members on Trial, Gains and Losses.

6.19 Other Churches, 1851-1970: Baptists, Congregationalists, Bible Christians, Methodist New Connexion, Primitive Methodist Church, Roman Catholic Church. Baptisms, Sunday School Scholars, Adherents, Adult Conversions.

     
 

6.20 Theosophical Society Membership, 1970-1970.

6.21 Rationalist Association and British Humanist Association Membership, 1899-1970.

6.22 Clergy Numbers for Other Churches, 1790-1970: Church of Scotland, Free Church of Scotland, United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, United Free Church of Scotland, Baptists, Congregationalists, Presbyterian Church of Wales, Assemblies of God, Christian Science, Salvation Army, Unitarians, Roman Catholic Church.

     
 

6.23 Number of Church Buildings, 1801-1971.

6.24 Census of Religious Worship, 1851: England and Wales.

6.25 Census of Religious Worship, 1851: Scotland.

6.26 Census of Ireland and Northern Ireland, 1861-1971.

6.27 Religious and Civil Marriages, Great Britain and Ireland, 1838-1972.

6.28 Religious Broadcast Audiences for the BBC and ITV, 1940-1970.

     
   
 

7. Changing Belief in Britain

A comprehensive set of data tables and charts illustrating changing patterns of religious and superstitious beliefs over the post-1945 period. Compiled by Clive D. Field from opinion poll and social survey data. The thumbnails on the left are pictures which can be enlarged. The data tables, information on the data sources, and additional charts are available through the links in this column.

 

     
 

7.1 Belief in the Afterlife, 1939-2008.

7.2 Belief in Angels, 1995-2009.

7.3 Belief in Guardian Angels, 1998-2009.

7.4 Belief in Astrology, 1985-2008.

7.5 Belief that the Bible is of Divine Origin, 1984-2008.

7.6 Belief that the New Testament is of Divine Origin, 1960-1993.

7.7 Belief that the Old Testament is of Divine Origin, 1960-1993.

7.8 Belief in Black Magic, 1973-1995.

7.9 Experience of Déjà Vu, 1973-2003.

7.10 Belief in the Devil, 1957-2006.

     
 

7.11 Belief that Dreams Can Predict the Future, 1998-2007.
7.12 Experience of Dreams Predicting the Future, 1998-2003.
7.13 Belief that it is Possible to Communicate with the Dead, 1940-2007.
7.14 Belief in ESP, 1998-2007.
7.15 Belief in Faith Healing, 1968-2006.

7.16 Belief in Fate, 2005, 2007.

7.17 Belief in Flying Saucers, 1973-1995.
7.18 Belief in Forecasting the Future, 1973-1995.
7.19 Belief in Fortune-Telling, 1951-2008.
7.20 Reported Experience of Having Fortune Told, 1951-2007.

     
 

7.21 Belief in Ghosts, 1950-2008.

7.22 Reported Experience of Seeing a Ghost, 1973-2007.

7.23 Belief in God or Life Force, 1947-2009.
7.24 Importance of God in Respondent’s Life, 1981-2005.
7.25 Belief in a Personal God, or God as a Life Force, 1947-2000.

7.26 Belief in Heaven, 1968-2008.

7.27 Belief in Hell, 1968-2009.

7.28 Belief in Horoscopes, 1951-1995.
7.29 Reported Regular/Irregular Reading of Horoscopes, 1951-1998.

7.30 Belief in Hypnotism, 1973-1995.

     

7.31. Belief in Divinity of Jesus Christ, 1957-2008.

7.32. Belief in Christ’s Resurrection, 1996-2008.

7.33. Belief in the Nature of Christ’s Resurrection, 1984-2008.

7.34. Belief in the Virgin Birth, 1984-2008.

7.35. Belief in Lucky Charms/Mascots, 1973-1995.

7.36. Possession of a Lucky Charm, 1999-2007.

7.37. Belief in Magic, 2005-2007.

7.38. Historical Accuracy of Gospel Miracles, 1984-1996.

7.39. Belief in Religious Miracles, 1991-2008.

7.40. Belief in Near Death Experiences, 1997-2003.

     
 

7.41. Belief in Out-Of-Body Experiences, 1997-2006.

7.42. Belief in Psychics/Mediums, 1998-2004.

7.43. Consultation of Psychics or Mediums, 2004-2007.

7.44. Belief in Reincarnation, 1968-2008.

7.45. Belief in Resurrection of the Dead, 1990-2000.

7.46. Belief in Sin, 1981-2000.

7.47. Belief in a Soul, 1979-2009.

7.48. Belief that Breaking a Mirror Brings Bad Luck, 1979-2000.

7.49. Belief in superstitions, 1946-2007.

7.50. Belief that the Number 13 is Unlucky, 1979-2007.

     
  8. Findings from the 2008 British Social Attitudes Survey

The British Social Attitudes survey is run annually and usually asks respondents their religious affiliation and frequency of church attendance.

The 2008 survey included three additional modules, comprising about 100 questions in total: the International Social Survey Programme (ISSP) Religion III survey, the NORFACE Research Consortium’s ‘ISSP Extension’ items, and replication of the American ‘Faith Matters’ Survey.

     
 

Here we provide the response frequencies for each question, plus a selection of breakdowns by age and sex.

8.1 All Survey Questions on Religion: Frequency of Reponses.

Tables and charts have been completed for 18 questions. A further 150 will be added periodically.

8.2 Importance of Religion in Daily Life by Age Group.

8.3 Importance of Religion in Daily Life by Sex.

8.4 Spirituality by Age Group.

8.5 Spirituality by Sex.

8.6 Current Religion Compared with Religion of Upbringing (updated, 17 Aug 2010).

8.7 Current Religion, Religion of Upbringing, and Breakdown by Selected Variables (Detailed Religious Categories).

8.8 Religious Affiliation by Birth Decade, Combined 1983-2008 British Social Attitudes Surveys.

     
 

9. Trust in the Clergy and Other Professions, 1983-2009

Ipsos MORI recurrently asks respondents whether they generally trust the clergy, doctors, politicians and so on, to tell them the truth or not. Surveys were conducted in 1983, 1993, 1997, and annually from 1999.

Click below for a formatted set of tables, reproduced with the kind permission of Ipsos MORI. We have put results for each profession into separate worksheets, with individual graphs, as well as charts of the rankings of profession by percentage of respondents indicating trust, and the absolute percentage of respondents indicating trust.

9.1 Trust in the Clergy and Other Professions, 1983-2009.

The original tables are also available from Ipsos MORI here.

     
 

10. Religious Studies Public Examinations

10.1 Religious Studies A-Level: Number of Candidates and Grades Achieved, 1993-2009.

10.2 Religious Studies GCSE: Number of Candidates and Grades Schieved, 1993-2009.

10.3 Relative Difficulty of Religious Studies A-level, 1994-2006.

     
 

11. Religious Affiliation of Prisoners in England and Wales

11.1 Religious Affiliation of Prisoners, 1997-2008 (from Ministry of Justice data).

11.2 Religious Affiliation of Prisoners, 1975, 1991-1997 (from J. Beckford and S. Gilliat).

11.3 Religious Affiliation of Prisoners, 1975-2008 (combined table).

     
 

12. Religious Character of Schools in England, 2009

12.1 Religious Character of Schools, 2009.

The data are drawn from the Department for Education’s Annual Schools Census. The number of pupils taught in primary and secondary schools by religous category, and number of primary and secondary schools by religious category, are available for England, for the English regions, and for Local Education Authorities.

12.2 Religious Character of Schools, 2009, by Local Education Authority.

This set of tables presents the data by LEA: percentage of pupils in faith schools, percentage of schools by faith type, and number of schools by faith type.

12.3 Religious Character of Schools, 2009, by Government Office Region.

This set of tables presents the data by Government Office Region: percentage of pupils in faith schools, percentage of schools by faith type, and number of schools by faith type.

 

 

13. Religious Affiliation and Political Attitudes: Findings from the British Election Study 2009/10

Click on the heading above to view tables and a research note compiled by Ben Clements, University of Leicester, from the British Election Study 2009/2010.

     
 

14. Findings from the 2005 English Church Census

On 8 May 2005, Christian Research conducted a census of attendance and church characteristics of all Christian churches in England.

This covered all Christian churches defined as within the Trinitarian tradition (Anglican, Protestant, Free Churches, Catholic and Orthodox churches, but not Jehovah’s Witnesses, Christadelphians, Christian Scientists, Unitarians or Mormons).

The overall finding was that 6.3% of the population attended church on Census Sunday, or 3,166,200 people, adults and children, subject to a variation of ±0.3%.

Click on the heading above for a table of attendance by denomination and local authority, and a selection of maps illustrating how attendance varies in England.

     
 

15. The Roman Catholic Community in England and Wales

The spreadsheet below compiles data published in Churches and Churchgoers, P. Brierley (ed.) Religious Trends, and by the Pastoral Research Centre (PRC), to provide estimates of the Catholic community in England and Wales.

The chart on the left is drawn from data compiled by the PRC – see within worksheet for further details.

Table 15.1 Data on Roman Catholic Baptisms and Community Size, England and Wales.

     
 

16. Muslim Opinions and Opinions of Muslims: British Experiences

The slides posted here are from a presentation by Clive Field to the Institute for Social Change seminar series on 7 December 2010. They report preliminary findings from a 2009 survey of Muslims sponsored by the Unversities of Harvard and Manchester, alongside data on attitudes to Muslims or Islam from opinion polls.

     
 

17. Registered Places of Worship in England and Wales

The spreadsheets below compile data published by National Statistics as Series FM2 as well as more recent data from the General Register Office. Compiled by Mark Littler, University of Manchester.

17.1 Total Places of Worship by Denomination, England and Wales, 1999-2009

17.2 Total Places of Worship by Denomination and Region, England and Wales, 1999-2009

     
 

18. Brierley’s Estimates of Denominational Strength for Religious Trends 1-7

18.1 UK Membership, Churches and Clergy by Christian Tradition, 2000-2006

This reports data from Religious Trends 7 and Religious Trends 5, by home nation and by broad Christian tradition (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Presbyterian, Free Church, Baptist, Independent, Methodist, New Church, Pentecostalist, and Other).